Ok, I want people to contribute to this FAQ to avoid all the newb posts etc. Lets try to remove these redundant efforts, we'll get this stickied as well. If you are a newb then try to read this first, if it doesn't answer your question then create a topic.
BEFORE YOU POST
1. Use the search button before you post.
2. Think hard about what you are about to post.
3. Use proper punctuation and grammar. The easier your post is to read, the quicker people can help you.
4. Do not ask for pirated materials or producer drums. Producer drums (e.g. Dr Dre kits etc.) are of low quality and almost always cut from actual songs, If you want good drum packs then look for professionally made ones. You will probably be banned if you ask for them. This goes for plugins and VST's as well.
5. Keep this thread to comments about sampling, any posts that don't comply will be deleted.
WHAT IS SAMPLING
Sampling is the art of taking a musical piece or sound and including it in a beat/song.
REMOVING/EXTRACTING INSTRUMENTS FROM A SAMPLE
You can not extract drums from underneath other instruments without the use of heavy filtering etc, It's like taking the flour out of the cake after baking it.
Here's a diagram I created to help explaining.
Flipping: The art of turning a sample into a new beat/song.
Looping: Taking a set portion of a sample and repeating it to make a beat/song.
Chopping/Slicing: Taking little portions of a sample and combining them to make a beat/song.
Digging: Looking for samples. The highest level of this would be looking in record crates at a record store, going all the way through to e-digging which is downloading MP3's off the internet.
Yes there are legal issues involved in sampling, you are using someone else's work in your own. It's called copyright infringement, however, should you worry about it? No. If you are not selling on a commercial level then it will be very unlikely that you will run into any troubles. Take this with a pinch of salt though, if you want to protect your back then the right thing to do is clear any samples if you are going to sell your music. It is not the reliability of the artist you sold the beat to, to clear the samples. You made money from it. There are a lot of complications involved in this and if you want more information Google will probably be your better friend.
Sampling in Logic Pro with the EXS24
Making a sampled beat in Audition and FL Studio Part 1
Making a sampled beat in Audition and FL Studio Part 2
OTHER SAMPLING RESOURCE LINKS
Who Sampled : Find out what songs have been sampled, and what samples were used
Flip This Forum : Get some samples and contribute on the FP Flip This Forum.
The Breaks : Another good resource site similar to whosampled.
Before asking about "What sample is this", look on whosampled and the-breaks. If it is not present there, do a google search "What is the sample in <insert track title here>". After this try a wikipedia search if it is on an album, also check discogs, sometimes albums have sampling credits on them and they will be present on discogs and/or wikipedia.
If you can't find it at any of these places then feel free to make a topic here. Don't bump it every 2 hours, just wait, if no body replies, then no body here knows.
People leave replies here as to what to add to this FAQ, I'll edit them into it daily. Let's try to get a massive thing going. Contribute what you like.
- A turntable. You can buy a dj turntable, a hifi turntable, an old turntable from 80's-90's will do the job too. If you want to mix and scratch, I recommend getting a direct drive dj-turntable. For listening and sampling belt driven one will do the job. Naturally, you will also need cartridge and needle for it (needle comes with the cartridge).
- A PHONO pre-amp for your turntable. Again, many ways to about it. You can go with a dj-mixer (especially if you want to mix and/or scratch), dj-mixers have a built in pre-amp. You can buy a small phono pre-amp for around $30-$50 bucks or get an old hifi pre-amp that has PHONO input, and of course some turntables have a built in pre-amp.
- A computer (or a sampler) to record your samples and cables to connect from your pre-amp's outputs to your audio interface's inputs. The cable type depends on your pre-amp and interface. Usually RCA in pre-amp's end and either 2 x 1/4" mono jacks or 1/8" stereo jack. Of course, there are also turntables with usb.
- Software for your computer for recording the samples. You can use your daw. Audacity will also do the job.
- Records to sample from. Go get your fingers dirty. Visit record stores, drift shops, fleas, check local classifieds in the internets and newspapers etc.