If your goal is to record the drummer in one take, then the first step is to make sure that your drummer is SUPERB. Even the best drummers you hear commercially spend a couple of hours tracking one song. Keep this in mind.
As far as the recording is concerned: if you don't wanna record multiple tracks, then you'll be using one microphone, placed in the optimal position, with proper gain staging. There's not much mixing involved in one track.
Generally, it's the drum tracks that are made scratch for the benefit of the other instruments. That's why it's so important for the drummer to be a very good one, so that the other instruments have a dependable reference for rhythm and tempo. I imagine you'd just use a metronome and the drummer takes it from there. Or a digital version of what the drummer is going to record live, and he can play along.
"Master of the mouth, music, microphone mechanics; gifted wit prolific spit, my larynx do damage"